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Thread: IF GOD HAD WANTED MAN TO FLY, Due August 23, 2019

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    IF GOD HAD WANTED MAN TO FLY, Due August 23, 2019

    THE PROGRESSION OF FLIGHT, Due August 23,2019
    Swap Due Date: August 23, 2019
    Signup/Withdraw Date: August 23, 2019
    Number of ATCs: 3 for 3 or 6 for 6
    Number of Participants: Unlimited
    Medium: Any and all media and techniques are welcome


    July 20, 2019, IS THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF MAN'S WALK ON THE MOON



    It has been said IF GOD HAD WANTED MAN TO FLY, (He would have given them inspiration)
    And man has been given plenty of thoughts, ideas, and inspiration.

    Attempts to fly are not only in our myths, but are documented in Greek, Roman, Egyptian, and pre-history times.
    Man has attempted flight for over two THOUSAND years. No, the Wright brothers were not the first!!
    Kites, balloons, movable/warping wings, and gliders all pre-date gliders, as well as "airplanes".

    Kites lifted man in China. Leonardo da Vinci had a 15th-century documented glider.
    Balloons came next with hot air balloons, followed by the discovery of hydrogen gas in the 18th century, at almost exactly the same time that the Montgolfier brothers re-discovered the hot-air balloon. Note the French reconnaissance balloon L'Intrépide of 1796. There were hot air balloons used in the Civil War, and dirigible balloons used in WWII. There were steam powered and bicycle powered flying machines. There were high wing, low wing, and bi wing planes. There were jet fighters and flights to the moon.

    There were pioneers like Sir George Cayley, the Wright Brothers, Lucky Lindy, Jean Batten, Amelia Earhart, Neil Armstrong.

    This swap is about the Progression of Flight


    * This is a 3 for 3 or 6 for 6 card trade. Make 3 or 6 cards and receive the same number back.
    Choose your focus or timeline (people, planes, or historic events). It would be fun to "date" your cards within their historic context (Earhart 1932, Lindbergh 1927, Neil Armstrong 1969) but that is up to you.

    * ALL mediums and techniques are welcome. Please make sure you add some depth to your cards, whatever style you choose. Your mediums can include, but are not limited to: paper, tissue paper, crayon, acrylic, watercolor, gel pens, colored pencil, rubber stamping, ink, newspaper clippings, magazine clippings, etc. Please do not take an image, cut it out, glue it to a card, and call it done. Color the background. Add some texture. Add more than one image. Make the ATC YOUR CREATION! I do ask that you send in your best work. Something you would not be disappointed in receiving if it was sent to you.

    *Please sign up by posting to this thread.
    * ONLY ATCs allowed. No APCs accepted.
    * All cards need to be sent each in their own plastic sleeve. This is for their protection!
    * All cards need to be standard atc size: 2.5” x 3.5”
    * Please put the Swap name and your Username on the back of all cards. And please write clearly on everything! We can't give you itrades and/or You Rock! points if we don't know who you are.
    * All cards need to be sturdy enough to earn the name “card” (no floppy or flimsy paper). If it is created on a single sheet of paper, and "flimsy", please back your ATC with something stiffer, or more firm, such as a cereal box. Just as important, check for cards that are too thick. Each card must still be capable of fitting into the standard ATC sleeve. If your ATC will not fit into an ATC sleeve, it is too bulky.
    * Please confirm there is enough postage on both the envelope you send to me, and the envelope I need to send back to you.
    * If you are unsure about mailing ATCs, or just may want to pick up some good tips for shipping, here is a great link.
    http://atcsforall.com/forum/showthread.php?t=909

    * If you are inside the U.S., please include a Self Addressed Stamped Envelope 4 by 9 1/2 inches, with 55 cents postage, or one "Forever" stamp if trading 3 cards; or one forever and one 15 cent stamp (additional ounce postage) if trading 6 cards, OR if your cards are extra heavy or extra bulky (or 2 forever stamps if that is easier).

    * International participants, if you have U.S. funds, or U.S. postage, it is greatly appreciated. However, since many of you do not have access to U.S. stamps, I will cover your postage. Please include a self addressed envelope 4 by 9 1/2 inches (10 x 28 cm), or if you do not have the correct size envelope, please include a large mailing label with your address and I will provide the envelope.

    * I apologize for being so demanding about the envelope size, but the postal rates in the US charge extra for thickness. When cards are stacked, or overlapped, in (a smaller) envelope, it almost always costs more to mail. If you send me a small envy, the cards get stacked. When I use the 4 inch by 9 1/2 inch business size envelopes, I can spread the cards over the area, making a THIN package, and only pay for basic (minimum) postage.

    * Cards are due IN MY HANDS by August 23, 2019. Returns will be mailed promptly.

    * A hostie card in this theme is appreciated but not at all expected!

    * Thank you for considering this swap! If you have my address from previous swaps, it hasn't changed.

    * Above all ~Have fun!!!



    Current Participants
    If God had wanted man to Fly, Due August 23, 2019

    1. StitchinWitch
    2. Boots
    3. Vicki Z
    4. FlyingPhoenix
    Last edited by Vicki Z; 11-18-2019 at 08:27 AM. Reason: Add/Update Participants

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    1000 B.C.
    Yes, that early

    .....Kites were invented in China
    .....Early prints show proof of first kites
    .....Chinese person flying a kite (movable arm holding the kite)
    .....Moooving Card.....Movable arm holding the kite.....This card Moves!
    .....Person "flying" IN a kite, came soon after
    .....Early writings document that man was lifted by kites to track the strength and movements of the enemy,
    most particularly in times of war


    1488
    Da Vinci Glider

    Leonardo Da Vinci made many drawings of flying machines (gliders, planes, parachutes) in the late 1400's.
    .....This sketch dated 1488


    An interest in human flight goes back (documented) to 1000 BCE
    But real progress in flight started in the 15th Century



    Progression of Flight -- Timeline
    1000 BCE First Kites
    .....Kites are invented in China
    900 BCE The Flight and Fall of Icarus
    .....Greek Myths
    853 BCE A King tries to fly
    .....The English King Bladud is apparently killed attempting to fly
    1485 Leonardo Da Vinci Designs flying machines
    .....Designs gliders, planes, and parachutes
    Last edited by Vicki Z; 02-11-2020 at 07:56 AM.

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    Many remember the pioneers like the Wright Brothers, Lucky Lindy, Amelia Earhart, Neil Armstrong.
    How many of you know anything about Sir George Cayley, or the Montgolfier brothers??

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    Can I join this swap?

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    Welcome. I signed you up.
    Last edited by Vicki Z; 02-02-2020 at 09:04 AM.

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    Progression of flight -- timeline
    1709 Bartolomeu Laurenco de Gusmao designs a model glider
    1783 The first un-tethered manned hot air balloons - created by the Montgolfier brothers
    1783 The first gas (helium/hydrogen) balloons - by Jacques Alexander Charles and Nicholas Louis Robert
    Last edited by Vicki Z; 02-11-2020 at 07:57 AM.

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    1806
    HMS Pallas flies Propaganda Kites

    1806 First time a ship was used for airborne operations
    .....Kites flown from the HMS Pallas scattered propaganda pamphlets over parts of France
    .....Lord Thomas Cochrane of the British Royal Navy launched kites from HMS Pallas
    (a 32-gun frigate)
    .....HMS Pallas dropped propaganda leaflets on French territory
    ....Currently listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the first ship used for
    airborne operations (flying kites) and dropping propaganda (including proclamations
    against Napoleon Bonaparte)


    1861-1865 Hot Air Balloons used during the Civil War
    1861-1865 Balloons used for spying on opposition troupes, troupe tracking,
    ammunition drops, and supply refills
    1861 Salmon P. Chase and Joseph Henry (Union) used hot air balloons
    to spy on Confederate troops
    1861 Thaddeus S. C. Lowe demonstrated "Aerial Reconnaissance"
    to President Abraham Lincoln
    .....Balloon was hooked to a cable that linked the balloon to the War Department
    .....Balloons carried bags of sand, tied around the perimeter of the basket,
    which could be dropped off as necessary to gain altitude
    .....Due to balloons being uncontrollable and un-maneuverable, Lowe inadvertently
    made a hot air balloon trip from Cincinnati to South Carolina just after the bombing
    of Ft. Sumter. He was planning to go to New Jersey, and ended up on a 9-hour flight to SC.


    1937
    Hindenburg Disaster/Zeppelin Explosion

    .....Was to be filled with Helium
    .....Filled instead with Hydrogen
    .....Hydrogen is very flammable
    .....This airship is considered a Zeppelin or a Dirigible (rigid, controlled airship)
    Last edited by Vicki Z; 02-11-2020 at 08:07 AM.

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    1901
    Santos-Dumont Number 6 Airship (Blimp)

    .....The first aircraft to make routine controlled flights
    .....Won the Deutsch de la Meurthe Prize, October 1901
    .....NOT a dirigible, although looks similar
    .....Technically this airship is considered a non-rigid airship, or "blimp"
    .....A "Blimp" is a small non-rigid airship that maintains its form by
    pressure from contained gas.


    1903
    Two Wing Biplane, the Wright Flyer

    Orville/Wilbur Wright (U.S.) make first powered, sustained, controlled airplane flight
    in a heavier-than-air flying machine (bi plane)
    .....The first powered, controlled airplane to fly, the Wright Flyer,
    used a biplane wing arrangement
    .....Biplanes soon became common-place


    1910
    Seaplane

    .....Henri Fabre makes the first successful seaplane flight at Martigues, near
    Marseilles, France, 1910
    .....A seaplane is a powered fixed-wing aircraft capable of taking off and landing on water.
    .....Seaplanes used to be the main form of air transport before the second world war,
    .....Fell out of favor after WWII -- Considered "Dangerous"
    .....Still used in Alaska and other areas inaccessible by road
    .....The tourism industry in Alaska is heavily reliant on seaplanes to get visitors around.
    .....Alaskans are also six times more likely than the average American to own a plane.


    1918
    Two Wing Biplane, U.S. Air Mail Service Established

    .....A fixed-wing aircraft with two main wings stacked one above the other
    .....Two stacked wing airplanes were used in many aircraft in the early years of aviation
    .....Air Mail was first flown in bi wing airplanes
    .....Original Bi-planes were like the Wright Brothers "Flyer" flown/design copied in 1903
    .....United States Air Mail Service Officially Established 1918
    .....Biplanes upgraded
    Last edited by Vicki Z; 02-11-2020 at 08:13 AM.

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    I'm still thinking about this one. We've got company coming in a few days and a **certain person** doesn't want me to spread my art supplies back out on the dining table (doesn't everyone take over the dining table to do art??) until after they leave on July 19. Just so happens that a **certain person** is leaving for almost a week that day, too, so I'll have plenty of time to get my stuff spread out again then.
    "The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing" - E. Burke I have a new address as of 6/2020 so be sure to ask for it!

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    Sounds like a plan!
    Hope it works out!!!!!


    Quote Originally Posted by Ancient Planter View Post
    I'm still thinking about this one. We've got company coming in a few days and a **certain person** doesn't want me to spread my art supplies back out on the dining table (doesn't everyone take over the dining table to do art??) until after they leave on July 19. Just so happens that a **certain person** is leaving for almost a week that day, too, so I'll have plenty of time to get my stuff spread out again then.

    Doesn't everyone spread out their art supplies on the dining room table?
    I certainly do!!!!

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    Thank you so much for mentioning Sir George Cayley.
    People on this side of the pond have no idea who he is.

    He is an English pioneer of aerial navigation and aeronautical engineering and designer of the first successful glider to carry a human being aloft. He is also reputed (by some) to be the first to fly an airplane, (NOT the Wright Brothers).

    When I visited the Yorkshire Air Museum in Elvington and saw a replica of Cayley’s glider, I was told Sir Cayley invented the airplane 100 years before the Wright Brothers. Even French pioneer Charles Dolfuss (1923) stated the following: “The aeroplane is a British invention of Sir George Cayley.

    The home and workshop of George Cayley are still kept much the way they were in the 1800's, and on display in his workshop, which is part of his estate in Scarsborough, which still stands in Yorkshire, are many of his ideas, notes, models, and inventions.

    Consequently, I was happily surprised when the BBC, in a series hosted by Dame Penelope Keith (TV star of "Good Neighbors", "The Good Life", and "To the Manor Born") did a segment where she visited the estate, home, and workshop of George Cayley in the village that happily boasts him as the first man to discover flight, and the airplane, and is their native son.
    Last edited by Boots; 07-10-2019 at 02:42 PM.

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    I neglected to ask you to sign me up.
    Last edited by Boots; 07-19-2019 at 04:00 PM.

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    I have signed you up.
    \Welcome, Boots.

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    For those of you out there who would like to participate, but whose Muse is not co-operating, try making your ATCs following the three "P's".
    That means make 1 card each of each of the following subjects/themes: "Person" involved, "Plane" or glider involved, "Place" from where to where (map, departure crowd, greeting crowd, newspaper coverage)

    (Person) Charles A. Lindbergh, first person to fly non stop solo across the Atlantic Ocean 1927...(Plane) single engine, single seat, high wing monoplane, Named "Spirit of St.Louis"...(Place) Transatlantic flight from Long Island, New York, to Paris, France, 3625 miles (total 3 ATCs)

    (Person) Amelia Earhart, first female to fly non stop solo across the Atlantic Ocean 1932...(Plane) Red Lockheed 5B Vega, 6 passenger, had wheel pants, cantilever (internally braced) one-piece spruce high wing...(Place) Transatlantic flight Newfoundland, Canada to Ireland 2026 miles (total 3 ATCs)
    Last edited by Vicki Z; 07-10-2019 at 05:18 PM.

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    If you need inspiration, look up the specialized planes of the Great War
    Planes designed flown during World War I, July 28, 1914 to November 11, 1918
    Fighters, Bombers, Carriers.....
    The Great War was the impetus for newer, faster, better, stronger, and more
    maneuverable aircraft


    1916 - 1918
    The Red Baron and the Dr.I Fokker Dreidecker

    In the 19 months between 1916 and 1918, the Red Baron claimed 80 air combat victories
    .....Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen (2 May 1892 – 21 April 1918), known
    as the "Red Baron", was a fighter pilot with the German Air Force during WWI
    .....Richthofen flew the celebrated Fokker Dr.I Dreidecker (triplane)
    .....The triplane is a fixed wing aircraft with three vertical stacked wings
    .....This 3 wing configuration potentially offers a faster rate of climb and tighter
    turning radius, both of which are important in a fighter plane
    .......The triplane was painted "BLOOD" red, and the name "Red Baron" was given to
    this plane, and its pilot, by the Allied Forces
    .....Awarded the "Blue Max" in 1917
    .....Killed in a dogfight over France in 1918
    Last edited by Vicki Z; 02-11-2020 at 08:14 AM.

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    1920
    Quantas founded

    .....(Queensland And Northern Territory
    Aerial Services) founded in 1920


    1926
    NW Airlines founded as part of Civil Aviation



    1927
    The Royal Canadian Air Force

    The Designation of "Royal Canadian Air Force" (RCAF) granted to the
    Canadian Air Force on June 29, 1927, by King George V.
    The Siskin plane is a fighter purchased by the RCAF and was used
    in combat until 1939
    Last edited by Vicki Z; 02-11-2020 at 08:09 AM.

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    Progression of Flight -- Timeline
    1927 First Transatlantic Flight
    .....Charles Lindberg first solo non-stop Trans-Atlantic flight
    1932 First Woman transatlantic Flight
    .....Amelia Earhart first woman to fly solo non-stop Trans-Atlantic flight
    1932-1937 Record Breaking Flights
    .....New Zealander Jean Batten makes record-breaking flights around the world
    1946 Blue Angels
    .....2nd oldest formal flying aerobatic team in the world
    1947 Charles (Chuck) Yeager pilots first aircraft to exceed speed of sound
    Last edited by Vicki Z; 02-11-2020 at 07:59 AM.

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    RECAP


    Apollo 12
    November 14, 1969

    .....Objective: Precision Landing on the Moon
    .....Launched only 4 Months after Apollo 11
    .....6th Manned Flight in the Apollo Program
    .....2nd Lunar Landing
    .....Struck by Lightening, TWICE! en route
    .....Due to a "Prank", Pornography brought to the moon by mankind
    .....Why TUNA mattered on this particular flight
    .....More astronauts walk on the moon


    Apollo 13
    April 11,1970

    .....Objective: Considered a "Routine" flight
    .....Public becoming bored with the Space Race
    .....Received little news coverage until things started to go wrong on Apollo 13
    .....At a time when hotels "ELIMINATED" the 13th Floor, due to superstition
    (Triskaidekaphobia) this was called the Apollo 13
    .....NASA built Apollo 13, Set Launch for April 13, at 13:13
    .....Later adjusted to April 11, 2:13 EST, Kennedy Space Center
    .....Pilot grounded due to suspected measles (Did NOT have!)
    .....Malfunctions and blowups on board
    .....Square filters would not fit in round filter compartments
    .....Low on Water, Had to ration
    .....One astronaut got a urinary infection due to drinking insufficient water
    .....Reduced to 20 Watts of Power
    .....Very cold in capsule, no heat
    Last edited by Vicki Z; 02-11-2020 at 08:10 AM.

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    TODAY IS THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF MAN'S
    WALK ON THE MOON

    Timeline:
    .....July 16, 1969, 3 men (Americans) Launch from Earth
    .....4 Days -- Earth Orbit (1 1/2 full orbits)
    .....July 20, 1960, Moon walk Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, Mike Collins
    stays on orbiting vehicle
    .....July 24, 1969, Return to and land on Earth, 8 Day Mission Duration


    July 20, 1969 -- Apollo 11
    First Man on the Moon

    John F. Kennedy stood before Congress on May 25, 1961, and proposed that
    the US "should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of
    landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth."
    ..... Kennedy's speech gave a specific mission and time frame to NASA's Apollo
    program, that challenge being to land a man on the moon by the end of the century
    .....Objective: Beat the Soviet Union to land a man on the moon
    .....Neil Armstrong was the first man to walk on the moon, followed in the
    moon walk by Buzz Aldrin
    .....Historic quote from Neil Armstrong: "That's one small step for man,
    one giant leap for mankind."
    .....Also on Apollo 11 Michael Collins, who stayed on board the orbiting vehicle
    .....Kennedy did not live to see his challenge of 1991 realized, but his specified
    goal of "man on the moon this decade" was achieved


    July 20, 1969 -- Apollo 11
    First Man on the Moon




    July 20, 1969 -- Apollo 11
    First Man on the Moon

    SPACE TRIVIA
    On July 20, 1969, Kellogg's Corn Flakes flew with the Apollo 11 astronauts
    and was eaten for breakfast on the moon landing. Kellogg also provided
    fruit flavored cereal cubes to the Apollo 11 astronauts, making Kellogg
    the FIRST CEREAL in space and the FIRST CEREAL to be eaten on the moon.
    Last edited by Vicki Z; 02-11-2020 at 08:11 AM.

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    Progression of Flight -- Timeline

    Kites, Human Flight, Gliders
    1000 BCE First Kites
    .....Kites are invented in China
    950 BCE Greek Legend - Pegasus
    .....Bellerophon the Valiant, son of the King of Corinth, captured Pegasus, a winged horse. Pegasus took him to a battle with the triple headed monster, Chimera.
    900 BCE Greek Legend - Icarus and Daedalus
    .....Daedalus was an engineer who was imprisoned by King Minos.
    With his son, Icarus, he made wings of wax and feathers. Daedalus flew successfully from Crete to Naples, but Icarus, tired to fly too high and flew too near to the sun. The wings of wax melted and Icarus fell to his death in the ocean.
    853 BCE English Legend - A King tries to fly
    .....The English King Bladud is apparently killed attempting to fly
    800 BCE Persian Legend - King Kaj Kaoos of Persia
    .....King Kaj Kaoos attached eagles to his throne and flew around his kingdom.
    356 BC Greek Legend - Alexander the Great
    .....Born July 356 BC Pella, Greece -- Died June 323 BC, Babylon
    .....Alexander the Great harnessed four Griffins to a basket and flew around his realm

    1488 Leonardo Da Vinci Designs flying machines
    .....Designs gliders, planes, and parachutes[/B]
    .....Designed the Ornithopter. The modern day helicopter is based on this concept
    1709 Bartolomeu Laurenco de Gusmao designs a model glider

    1700's Balloons, Hot Air and Gas Filled
    1700's Tethered Balloons
    1782 The Montgolfier brothers in France use tethered, unmanned balloons
    1712 Steampunk Dreams of flying using steam-powered machinery
    1783 The first un-tethered manned hot air balloons - created by the Montgolfier brothers
    1783 The first gas (helium/hydrogen) balloons - by Jacques Alexander Charles and Nicholas Louis Robert

    1806 Propaganda Kites
    1806 First time a ship was used for airborne operations
    .....Kites flown from the HMS Pallas scattered propaganda pamphlets over parts of France
    .....Lord Thomas Cochrane of the British Royal Navy launched kites from HMS Pallas (a 32-gun frigate)
    .....Dropped propaganda leaflets on French territory
    ....Currently listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the first ship used for flying kites (airborne operations) and dropping propaganda (including proclamations against Napoleon Bonaparte)


    1822 - Air Transport around the world
    .....Santa Claus delivers toys around the world in one night
    1843/1853 George Cayley (England) flies biplane (1853) from plans he designed and published (1843)


    1861-1865 Civil War -- Hot Air Balloons used for aerial reconnaissance
    1861-1865 Balloons used for spying on opposition troupes, troupe tracking, ammunition drops, and supply refills
    1861 Salmon P. Chase and Joseph Henry (Union) used hot air balloons to spy on Confederate troops
    1861 Thaddeus S. C. Lowe demonstrated "Aerial Reconnaissance" to President Abraham Lincoln
    .....Balloon was hooked to a cable that linked the balloon to the War Department
    .....Balloons carried bags of sand, tied around the perimeter of the basket, which could be dropped off as necessary to gain altitude
    .....Due to balloons being uncontrollable and un-maneuverable, Lowe inadvertently made a hot air balloon trip from Cincinnati to South Carolina just after the bombing of Ft. Sumter. He was planning to go to New Jersey, and ended up on a 9-hour flight to South Carolina.


    1895 Otto Lilienthal (Germany) flies biplane gliders

    1896 First Weather Balloons
    1896 Léon Teisserenc de Bort, the French meteorologist, was one of the first persons to use weather balloons
    .....Launched hundreds of weather balloons from his observatory in Trappes, France
    .....Filled with hydrogen (lower cost) or helium
    .....Early balloon "skin" could be coated silk, waxed cotton or flax
    .....Years later mylar, latex, plastic, were used

    1900 Controlled, Powered, Airships
    1901 First controlled, powered, airship flight in a lighter-than-air blimp by Santos-Dumont (France) in his Blimp No. 6
    ..........Won the Deutsch de la Meurthe Prize, October 1901
    1903 Orville/Wilbur Wright (U.S.) make first powered, sustained, controlled airplane flight
    in a heavier-than-air flying machine (bi plane)
    1903 Biplanes soon became common-place
    .....Used for mail delivery, crop dusting, air passenger transport (6-8 passengers)
    1904 First powered airplane flight in New Zealand by Richard Pearse
    1906 First powered airplane flight in Europe by Alberto Santos-Dumont
    1910 Henri Fabre makes the first successful seaplane flight at Martigues, near Marseilles, France
    1910 - First powered flight in Australia by George A. Taylor March 18, 1910
    .....George Augustine Taylor was the first man in Australia to fly an un-tethered heavier-than-air craft
    .....He also constructed and flew a glider in 1909.
    1918 United States Air Mail Service Officially Established
    .....Fixed Wing Biplane used for Air Mail Service

    1914-1918 The GREAT War -- Later Known as World War I)
    Planes designed flown during World War I, July 28, 1914 to November 11, 1918
    Fighters, Bombers, Carriers.....
    The Great War was the impetus for newer, faster, better, stronger, and more
    maneuverable aircraft. Many new designs, and specialized planes
    1916-1918 Fokker Dr.I Dreidecker (triplane)
    .....The Red Baron demanded a specially designed combat plane with 3 stacked wings
    Faster rate of climb and tighter turning radius

    After the War
    1920 Quantas Founded (Australia)
    1922 Skywriting gained popularity
    1926 NW Airlines Founded (U.S.)
    1926 Bessie Coleman, first African-American woman pilot, died in a plane accident
    1927 Royal Canadian Air Force Designated (Canada)
    1927 Charles Lindberg (U.S.) first solo transatlantic flight
    1930 Tri-rotor Plane -- Preceded the helicopter by 6 years
    1932 Amelia Earhart (U.S.) first female transatlantic flight
    1932-1937 Record Breaking Flights
    .....Jean Batten (New Zealand) makes record-breaking flights around the world
    1933 Wiley Post sets new record for around the world flight -- 7 days 18 hours
    1936 First Operational Helicopter
    1937 Hindenburg (Germany) Dirigible Disaster
    1937 Brewster F2A First U.S. Monoplane with arrestor hook and other modifications for aircraft carriers
    1933 Howard Hughes sets new record for 4 day around the world flight -- (actual flight time 3 days 19 hours 17 min)
    1939 First jet-propelled aircraft
    1939 Heinkel 178 (Germany) is the first fully jet-propelled aircraft to fly

    1939-1945 -- WWII Constantly improving planes and people
    1941 WWII Flying Tigers 1941-1942
    1941 Attack on Pearl Harbor, December 07, 1941, 8:00 AM
    .....Main attack plane was the Japanese Fighter Mitsubishi A6M, also known as the Japanese "Zero"
    .....American P-40 unable to compete with the Zero in combat
    1941 Tuskegee Airmen first black military aviators in the U.S. Army Air Corps (AAC), a precursor of the U.S. Air Force
    1943 Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASPs) Group Formed ‎August 5, 1943 flying WWII Missions
    1944 Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASPs) Group Dissolved ‎December 20, 1944
    1945 The GB-1 Glide Bomb (drone/glider) was designed to bypass German air defenses, carrying a deadly 2000 pound bomb
    1945 Enola Gay
    .....6 August 1945, during the final stages of World War II, the Enola Gay became the first aircraft to drop an atomic bomb.
    1946 General Mills’ Aeronautical Research Division was established in 1946
    .....This was General Mills' first big balloon project
    .....General Mills became the pioneer of post-war balloon development
    .....Minnesota became the Balloon Capital of the World
    1946 Hughes XF-11
    .....Experimental plane with contra-rotating four-bladed, controllable-pitch propellers
    .....First and only flight‎: ‎7 July 1946, piloted by Howard Hughes
    1947 Hughes Hercules H-4
    .....Prototype strategic airlift unit
    .....Flying Boat, A.K.A. the Spruce Goose
    1946 Blue Angels (U.S.)
    .....2nd oldest formal flying aerobatic team in the world
    1947 Charles (Chuck) Yeager pilots first aircraft to exceed speed of sound
    1957 Stolp Starduster, DIY home-built plane, first flown 1957
    1960 Lightning bug and Ryan Firebee Drone used as remote combat aircraft
    1961 First Flight Cessna Skymaster, February 28, 1961.

    Race For Space -- Off Earth Flights
    1952 Cold War Rocket Science
    1965 March 18, 1965 -- Alexei Leonov first person (Russian) to walk in outer space
    1965 June 3, 1965 -- Ed White first American to walk in outer space
    1969 Apollo 11 July 20, 1969 -- First Man (American) on the Moon
    1969 Apollo 12 November 14, 1969
    1970 Apollo 13 April 11,1970
    1970 First Boeing 747 commercial flight
    1976 Concord begins its first passenger carrying service
    1976 SR-71 Blackbird, the world's fastest plane, sets a new speed record (Mach 3+)
    1979 Bryan Allen (United States) few first human powered aircraft
    1980 Kite Skiing/Winter Kite Flying
    1981 Nighthawk Stealth Plane
    1981 First Space Shuttle Launch
    1981 M&M's became the first candy in space, flying on the Space Shuttle Columbia
    1983 Sally Ride, first American Woman in Space, flew on the Space Shuttle Challenger
    ..... The purpose of the mission was to deploy two communications satellites
    1986 Flight Paramedics Established
    1986 First non stop flight around the world
    1993 Monitoring of climate and environment using drones
    1994 Hippogriff aids in prison escape
    .....Escape flight on a Hippogriff allows Sirius Black to avoid capture and return to prison

    Single Person Jet Paks and the Popularity of Drones
    2010 Martin Jet Pak Invention (Single person flying)
    2014 Popularity explosion and general use of drones as tech toys
    .....Drone Racing hits the news
    .....US military UAV budget set at ~$24Bn
    2016 Consumer drone popularity at all-time high, drones in near-misses with commercial aircraft
    2017 Legalities and ethics in the foreground as drones keep getting popular
    Last edited by Vicki Z; 02-14-2020 at 04:03 PM.

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